Chinese scientists have confirmed that they have revolutionized quantum computing by developing a quantum computer Jiuzhang, who can perform computational tasks like those used in artificial intelligence but faster than the most powerful supercomputers in the world by about 180 million times Computational tasks that the Jiuzhang quantum computer can solve include modification the researchers said Data mining, biological information , network analysis , and chemical modeling research The research team, headed by Pan Jianwei, a physicist at the University of Science and Technology in China, who is called the "father of quantum" in the country, study in the Journal of Letters in Physical Research Physical Review Letters The study team said: "Our work is a step towards solving real computational problems using hardware The current quantity computer is medium sized Pan Jianwei said: "In the era of big data , the amount of global data is increasing exponentially It doubles every two years , and is meaningless if huge amounts of data are not mined At present, the traditional development model of computers is limited , and it consumes hardware Supercomputer huge amounts of energy , in Pan Jianwei's view, lies the importance of "Jiuchang" in improving computing power without increasing energy consumption The scientific team solved complex computer equations that posed a challenge to traditional computers through the use of More than 200 thousand samples to solve the mathematical problem In the experiment , the researchers used, for the first time, a quantum computer to implement and speed up the solution of two algorithms Random search and annealing or simulated fermentation - commonly used in the field of artificial intelligence It takes the world's fastest classic supercomputer 700 seconds to analyze each computational sample, which means It would take nearly 5 years for the algorithm to process the same number of samples, however Quantum computer Jiuzhang solved the algorithm in less than a second Either zero or one as a basic unit of information, while the qubit bit in traditional computing, represents the bit It goes a step further in that a bit can represent either zero, one, or both in the same Qubit L a i l l a f l l s Which is the simplest mathematical expressions in quantum mechanics time Because the basic information of a quantum computer can represent all possibilities at once , it is Theoretically much faster and more powerful than the ordinary computers we use in our daily lives The quantum computer uses the Jiuzhang, named after a Chinese text on mathematics dating back circa 2000 years ago, photons of light as a physical medium for computation, unlike other quantum computers , It does not need to work in extremely low temperatures and it can work stably for a longer time However, quantum computers only operate in extremely cold, isolated environments to avoid interference And the error, given that the size of the subatomic particles on which the quantum computer relies in its operations, is very small Fragility and very short life It is noteworthy that the company "Google" announced the development of a quantum computer capable of calculating a certain amount of information In just 200 seconds, supercomputers can only compute this same amount of information Within 10 thousand years However, the Chinese "Juzhang" quantum computer is an achievement on the road to comprehensive quantum computing, which It is also known as "quantum supremacy", which guarantees a huge speed in this field No conventional computer can perform the same task in a reasonable amount of time, and it is unlikely Improvements in the algorithm or classical computing equipment can lead to a bypass this speed
Source: skynewsarabia